An ecologically important area is an area of a habitat type, part of a habitat type or a bigger ecosystem unit, which significantly contributes in the preservation of biodiversity.
These areas are:
- Habitat types which are biotical exceptionally diverse or well-preserved; an area with the habitats of endangered or endemic plant and animal species and a habitat of those species which are internationally important regarding the classification of ratified international conventions;
- Areas which significantly contribute to conservation of natural balance and they are distributed in a biogeographically balanced way in relation to other similar ones;
- Habitats of internationally protected species;
- Migratory ways of animals;
- Areas, which fundamentally contribute to genetic interconnection of plant and animal populations.
Source: Nature Conservation Act (32. article)